Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death.
Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. The pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels.
Medical guidelines define hypertension as a blood pressure higher than 130 over 80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg), according to guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) in November 2017.
“As it is currently, nearly 30 percent of Nigerians in a population of 170 million are hypertensive”.Said Dr Amam Mbakwem, A consultant cardiologist to Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH, Idi Araba and Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Lagos.
Around 85 million people in the United States have high blood pressure.
Hypertension and heart disease are global health concerns. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets worldwide, and that this plays a role in hypertension.